We have undertaken a number projects whose outputs are for wide dissemination. We have posted some of these below. If you have any difficulty in downloading them or if you are interested to get more information on these and other projects please contact us.

AFCAP Tanzania PMORALG Maintenance Contracting Manual

This Road Maintenance Contracting Manual describes the different types of contracts that may be used by the LGAs for maintenance of the roads under their jurisdiction. The purpose of the manual is to assist the LGA engineers to make decisions on what type of contract to be applied to maintain a road or a network of roads depending on the importance of the road(s), maintenance needs and available resources (financial and technical).

Download AFCAP Manual

A Transport Strategy for Sustainable Development: Rural Accessibility in the Asia and Pacific Region

As part of the process of preparing its first comprehensive transport policy document, Asian Development Bank (ADB) engaged itt to provide a paper on rural accessibility in the Asia and Pacific Regions. The primary objective was to set out the dimensions of the challenge facing countries in the region. The paper was to address the policy and institutional approaches that would enhance the social, economic and financial sustainability of rural transport in ADB’s client countries, particularly with respect to the poor. The options that ADB should consider in defining its own role in rural transport were to be presented.

Download the Strategy Paper

Appraisal of Demand for IMT and Transport Services

This project has developed a procedure to appraise the demand for IMT and Transport Services in rural areas. Case studies were carried out in 5 countries to identify factors affecting the demand for IMT. A case study was also carried out on four rural roads, three with services and one without, to investigate the demand for Transport Services.

Download Brochure     Download Guidelines     Download Main Report

Enhancing the Use of Locally Made Low-cost Equipment for the Road Sector

This project is aimed at identifying the ways to improve the availability and accessibility of equipment that is necessary and appropriate for the rural road technologies that are emerging from South East Asia Community Access Programme (SEACAP) research projects. The objective is to develop simple equipment solutions for road construction or maintenance operations, for which labour is not suited due to technical work difficulty, quality control, economic or safety constraints. The study was carried out in three countries : Cambodia, Vietnam and Laos.

Download Combined Report     Download Technical Brief

Enhancing the Poverty Reduction Impact of Road Projects

This Asian Development Bank supported project has developed guidelines for enhancing poverty reduction impacts of road projects for the Department of Roads (DOR) in Nepal. The guidelines complemented the methods and procedures as provided in the Public Works Directives (PWD) and developed new methods and procedures, which are not available in the PWD, for enhancing the poverty reduction impact of DOR road projects.

Download the Guidelines

Footbridge Manual

The manual is aimed at practitioners constructing footbridges at community and district level. A draft manual was initially prepared and reviewed by a range of international and local practitioners. The final manual, which contains substantial additions, is now available. Because of its size it has been split into two low-resolution PDF files. The contents are described in a 2-page brochure. Two supplements are also available, Supplement A is a case study of the installation of a steel truss footbridge in Sri Lanka and Supplement B is a workshop manual for the manufacture of a steel truss footbridge.

Download Manual Pt 1     Download Manual Pt 2     .Download Brochure     Download Supplement A     Download Supplement B

Footpath Manual

The manual presents practical measures that can be taken to improve or upgrade paths and tracks in developing countries. These improvements are not only directed to making travel by foot easier but also cover the need to provide access for intermediate means of transport (IMT) such as pack animals, bicycles, wheelbarrows and carts. The manual includes guidelines on organisational issues; the appropriate standards for paths and tracks for different uses; as well as specific technical solutions to problems which are commonly encountered on sections of paths and tracks.

Download Footpath Manual

Guidelines: Community Participation in Road Maintenance

These guidelines are aimed at transport planners and engineers alike, wishing to engage communities or groups of people in the rehabilitation and maintenance of transport infrastructure. The guidelines have been developed over three years from research conducted in East Africa, specifically Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya. They also draw on worldwide experience from other development projects engaging communities in the sustainable maintenance of communal resources.

Download the Guidelines

How a Road Agency Can Transform Force Account Road Maintenance to Contracting, June 2006, World Bank Transport Note 31

Roads make a crucial contribution to economic development and growth, and bring important social benefits. Poorly maintained roads constrain mobility, significantly raise vehicle operating costs, increase road traffic injuries and their associated human and property costs, and aggravate isolation, poverty, poor health, and illiteracy in rural communities. The provision and maintenance of road infrastructure is a major global business and the replacement value of road assets in sub-Saharan Africa is estimated to be $150 billion. Consequently, it is essential that road maintenance services are provided in the most cost effective manner.

Download Report

Inclusion of Social Benefits in Transport Planning

itt was recently involved in two major projects that were concerned with the inclusion of social benefits in transport planning. The first project was jointly implemented by itt, TRL and the University of Birmingham. One of the major outputs of the project is the Overseas Road Note 22 (ORN 22): A Guide to Pro-poor Transport Appraisal. The other project was led by itt. The main output of the project is a World Bank Transport Paper (TP 17) entitled "Towards the Mainstreaming of an Approach to Include Social Benefits within Road Appraisal - A Case Study from Uganda".

Download Overseas Road Note 22      Download World Bank Transport Paper (TP-17)

The Impact of Road Condition on Operating Costs of Bicycles

The technical brief describes the results of research carried out to assess the impact of road condition on the operating costs of bicycles. The aim of the research was to develop tools to aid the economic appraisal of road improvements by including bicycles. The research surprisingly gave results that we contrary to popular thinking

Download Technical Brief (English Version)     Download Technical Brief (Spanish Version)

Labour-based vs. Equipment-based Methods: Cost Comparison Studies

itt conducted a number of studies that showed the relative advantages (both at the macro and micro levels) of using the labour-based methods in roadworks.

Download Mozambique Study Report (Dec. 2003)     Download Uganda Study Report (1999);       Download Ghana Study Report (1998)

Meeting/Conference/Journal Papers Prepared by itt staff

All Meeting/Conference/Journal Papers Prepared by itt staff can be found HERE

Quantification of Labour Supply Response to the South Africa Expanded Public Works Programme

In response to the seriousness of the rural unemployment situation, a proposal to extend the EPWP to provide welfare support through paid work entitlement to non-urban households is under consideration. The likely response to such an extension of the EPWP and the related cost implications are clearly important questions. This itt conducted study makes some preliminary estimates of the non-urban labour supply response at a range of wage rates and the likely size of the wage bill.

Download the Demand Labour Supply Response Report

Technical Note on Rural Transport in Multi-sectoral and Community Driven Projects

Published by the World Bank the Note provides practical guidance on rural transport interventions in multi-sectoral and community driven projects. It is targeted at people and agencies involved with physical access issues at the community and local government levels.

Download the Note

Value of Time Studies in Asia and Africa

itt conducted two studies - one in Asia (Bangladesh) and another in Africa (Ghana and Tanzania) between 2000-05 with DFID's support under its Knowledge and Research (KaR) Programme. The project sought to establish an approach and methodology for estimation of rural travel time saving values in least developed countries (LDCs). There were a number of outputs from the studies including a "How to" Manual for valuation of travel time savings in LDCs. The study results have subsequently been used in the development of VoT guidance notes by the World Bank

Download Technical Brief      Download Final Report (Bangladesh)     Download Final Report (Africa)    Download VoT "How to" Manual

Views of the poor

Report of a Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) commissioned study that assisted in strengthening the poverty focus of the Swiss Country Programme in Tanzania (2004-2010). The study provides rare insights into the lives of the poor that had been gained through a qualitative participatory study at household level. Methods were used to encourage the poor to voice their own opinions and share their experiences in relation to their understanding of wellbeing and illbeing.

Download the Report

Nyanza Socio-Economic Impact Study Report

This Report presents the result of a socio-economic monitoring study of the Roads 2000 Nyanza programme. The study was commissioned to assess the effects/impacts of the programme. The programme was implemented by the Kenya Rural Roads Authority (KeRRA) in 5 of the 6 regions of Nyanza Province. One of the four components of the programme was the improvement and maintenance of roads. The programme targeted to put three-quarters of the road network under routine maintenance after improvement.

Download the Report

Research Unit for KeRRA

Research Unit for KeRRA


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